Periodontal Therapy (Gum Treatment)
Gum Disease Treatment Options in Madison
Total Care Dental cares about your overall oral health and provides the best Madison dental health care services. One of the main things our dentists watch for and treat is periodontal (gum) disease. Periodontal disease is a common and destructive infection, starting with mild gingivitis and resulting in the progressive destruction of the gum tissue and bone supporting the teeth. If not properly treated, this disease can severely affect your complete oral health. Routine dental visits can help reduce your risk. Request an appointment online now and learn more about preventing and treating this disease.
Early Warning Signs of Gum Disease
- Your gums bleeding when you floss
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Pus between the teeth and gums
- Loose or separating teeth
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of your partial or full dentures
Catching gum disease early will reduce painful side effects later. If you notice these symptoms, set up an appointment with Total Care Dental in Madison. Our dentists will examine your teeth and gums to find the source of problems.
Risk Factors and Causes of Periodontal Disease
Certain disease-producing bacteria in plaque or biofilm can cause irritation and inflammation of the gums. Hardened plaque, calculus or tartar, is impossible to remove with regular brushing and flossing. The bacteria is then able to invade the gum tissue and cause gingivitis. The pocket which forms where the gum and tooth meet will get deeper when periodontal disease is present. If the gums are not cleaned out by a dentist, the disease will eventually lead to tooth loss.
There are many early indicators of periodontal disease, and our passionate Madison dentists are experts at spotting them from the start and providing the necessary treatment. Studies have shown the following factors will increase your risk and/or severity of periodontal disease:
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Vaping nicotine products
- Systemic diseases – diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, blood cell disorders, HIV infections and AIDS
- Medications – steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, blood pressure drugs and immunosuppressant therapy drugs
- Changing hormone levels from puberty, pregnancy, and oral contraceptives
- Passing saliva from kissing or sharing food and drink
- Dental bridges that no longer fit properly, crooked and/or crowded teeth or defective fillings and crowns holding plaque in place
Periodontal Disease Diagnosis
Our comprehensive Madison dentists will measure the pocket depth around each of your teeth while checking for periodontal disease. A healthy pocket should have a depth of 3mm or less. During this examination we will evaluate how much gum bleeding is present which can indicate the presence of disease. We also use digital x-rays to detect bone loss, ensuring nothing is missed when diagnosing your oral health.
Regular dental cleanings and checkups will significantly reduce your risks of periodontal disease. Our caring Madison dentists at Total Care Dental go above and beyond to ensure your complete oral health. Make an appointment today to keep your gums healthy and your smile bright. Learn more from our FAQ:
Complications of Gum Disease
Diseased gums can cause complications with other oral health and cosmetic procedures. For example, teeth whitening is not recommended while your gums are inflamed since the whitening process can do more damage to the gums. If you are interested in improving the appearance of your smile, you will need healthy gums first.
Weak gums can leave your teeth exposed. As the gums degrade from disease your teeth will become loose and may fall out. If you have already lost some teeth, arrange a tooth replacement consultation to discuss:
Finally, gum disease can spread down into your jaw. Over time the disease will wear away at your jawbone.
Gingivitis Treatment for Madison Patients
Initial therapy for gum disease typically involves a specialized deep cleaning called scaling and root planing. This procedure removes the organized colonies of bacteria from the tooth and root surfaces. Periodontal treatment is designed to help gum tissue reattach to the tooth, shrinking the pocket depth to a manageable size.
After initial periodontal therapy, meticulous biofilm control and maintenance is required to keep the disease in remission. Routine cleanings and checkups are important to keep your gums healthy and reduce your risk of returning periodontal disease flares. Visit your passionate Madison dentists at Total Care Dental regularly to maintain a healthy, happy smile.